Bas relief of Cleopatra and her son Caesarion at the Temple of Dendera

Engravings of Cleopatra (left) and her son and co-ruler Caesarion (Ptolemy XV) at the Temple of Dendera

Cleopatra and her son Caesarion

Egypt’s last female pharaoh Cleopatra and her Caesarion, also known as Ptolemy XV, were the last members of the Ptolemaic dynasty to rule Egypt. Cleopatra was the queen of Egypt and Caesarion was her son with Julius Caesar, who was widely believed to be his father.

Cleopatra and Caesarion were both famous figures in ancient history, with Cleopatra known for her intelligence, beauty, and political savvy, while Caesarion was known as the last pharaoh of Egypt. Their reign came to an end with the defeat of Cleopatra and her lover Mark Antony by the Roman general Octavian, later known as Emperor Augustus.

The Temple of Dendera is an ancient Egyptian temple complex located in Dendera, Egypt. It is famous for its well-preserved Greco-Roman architecture and its beautiful astronomical ceiling.