Kenneth Kaunda (28 April 1924 – 17 June 2021),was a Zambian anti-colonial activist and politician who served as the first President of Zambia from 1964 to 1991. He played a key role in Zambia’s independence movement and was a prominent figure in the African nationalist movement.
Kaunda was a strong advocate for African unity and played a leading role in the formation of the Organization of African Unity (now known as Africa Union). As president, he pursued a policy of non-alignment in the Cold War and sought to promote democracy, human rights, and social justice in Zambia.
The Zambian leader was known for his philosophy of “humanism,” which emphasized the dignity and worth of every individual and called for a more just and equitable society. After leaving office, he continued to be involved in various peace and development initiatives in Africa.