The Serapeum of Alexandria

Remains of the Serapeum in the city of Alexandria

The Serapeum of Alexandria was a Greek temple constructed in the Ptolemaic Kingdom by Ptolemy III Euergetes, who ruled from 246 to 222 BC. It was dedicated to the deity Serapis, who was regarded as the protector of Alexandria. The temple was sometimes linked with Harpocrates, another deity. The Serapeum has been described as the “daughter” of the famous Library of Alexandria, as it was located near the library and had a similar reputation for being a center of knowledge and learning. Unfortunately, the site has suffered significant damage from plundering and other factors over the years.

Facts: The Serapeum of Alexandria

  • The Serapeum was a massive temple complex located in the ancient city of Alexandria, Egypt, and was built during the Ptolemaic Dynasty.
  • The temple was dedicated to Serapis, a Greco-Egyptian deity, who was worshipped by the Greeks, Egyptians, and Romans.
  • It was also a center of learning and culture, containing a library and lecture halls where scholars and philosophers could discuss ideas and debate.
  • The temple was built by Ptolemy III Euergetes, who reigned from 246 to 222 BC, and was constructed on the site of an earlier temple.
  • The temple was heavily damaged during conflicts between Christians and pagans in the 4th century AD, and many of its artifacts and treasures were destroyed.
  • The remains of the temple complex were rediscovered in the late 19th century and are now a popular tourist attraction in Alexandria, Egypt.