Category: Queen Victoria

Queen Victoria was born on May 24, 1819, in Kensington Palace, London, and was the daughter of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, and Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld.

In 1837, at the age of 18, she ascended to the British throne after the death of her uncle, King William IV. Her reign, which lasted until her death in 1901, spanned 63 years, making her the second-longest reigning British monarch after the current queen, Elizabeth II.

She married her cousin, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, in 1840, and together they had nine children. Prince Albert’s death in 1861 deeply affected Victoria, leading her into a prolonged period of mourning.

Major Accomplishments

Her reign, known as the Victorian era, saw significant cultural, political, and scientific changes in the UK. This period marked the height of the British Industrial Revolution and the apex of the British Empire.

Under her rule, the British Empire expanded significantly, making it the most extensive empire in history, covering over a quarter of the world’s land area.

Queen Victoria celebrated her Golden Jubilee in 1887 and her Diamond Jubilee in 1897, marking 50 and 60 years on the throne respectively. These events reinforced her status as a national symbol.

Historians have described the British monarch as a patron of the arts and sciences. Under her patronage, institutions such as the Victoria and Albert Museum in London were established.

While her reign saw the monarchy’s political power wane in favor of a more parliamentary system, Queen Victoria was instrumental in reshaping the monarchy’s role to one of moral and ceremonial leadership.

Also, she supported the Elementary Education Act of 1870, ensuring that children between the ages of 5 and 12 had access to primary education.

The development and expansion of the railway network across the British Isles happened largely during her reign, transforming travel, trade, and communication.

Queen Victoria’s reign witnessed significant advancements in public health, including the introduction of sanitation reforms and the establishment of a General Medical Council.


Queen Victoria passed away on January 22, 1901, at the age of 81. Her legacy endures, symbolizing an era of dramatic change, national pride, and the vastness of the British Empire.

Queen Victoria's mother

Who was Queen Victoria’s Mother?

Princess Victoria – Queen Victoria’s mother—was born in the small German town of Coburg on August 17, 1786. She was the fourth child of parents – Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburge-Saalfeld...