Category: Malcolm X

Malcolm X, born Malcolm Little on May 19, 1925, in Omaha, Nebraska, had a tumultuous early life marked by racial discrimination and criminal activities. He transformed into a prominent civil rights leader known for his activism and contributions.

Here are his major life phases and accomplishments:

Early Life and Conversion to Islam

Malcolm X’s family faced racial violence and harassment, culminating in the murder of his father. He struggled with crime, serving time in prison, where he encountered the Nation of Islam and converted to Islam.

His involvement with the Nation of Islam

Malcolm X became a prominent member and spokesperson for the Nation of Islam, advocating for Black separatism, self-defense, and Black pride. His fiery speeches and charisma drew attention.

Advocacy for Civil Rights

He spoke boldly about the systemic racism and violence against African Americans, challenging Martin Luther King Jr.’s nonviolent approach. Malcolm X argued for self-defense and believed that Black Americans should be willing to fight for their rights.

International Influence

Malcolm X’s message reached beyond the U.S. He spoke about civil rights at international forums and emphasized the importance of global human rights.

Why did Malcolm X split from Nation of Islam?

Malcolm X’s growing influence and differences with the Nation of Islam leadership led to his suspension and eventual departure from the organization in 1964.

Founding of Muslim Mosque, Inc. and the Organization of Afro-American Unity (OAAU)

After leaving the Nation of Islam, he founded Muslim Mosque, Inc., and the OAAU, which promoted unity among African Americans and human rights.

Mecca Pilgrimage

In 1964, Malcolm X undertook the Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca, which profoundly impacted him. He embraced orthodox Sunni Islam and experienced racial harmony among Muslims of diverse backgrounds.

Assassination

Tragically, Malcolm X was assassinated on February 21, 1965, while delivering a speech in New York City.