Most Famous United Nations Security Council Resolutions
The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) has passed numerous resolutions throughout its history. Some of these resolutions have gained particular fame or notoriety due to their significance in addressing global conflicts, crises, and issues.
World History Edu presents the 12 most famous United Nations Security Council resolutions:
UNSC Resolution 242 (1967)
This resolution was adopted in the aftermath of the Six-Day War between Israel and several Arab states. It calls for Israel to withdraw from territories occupied during the war and for a just and lasting peace in the region. It remains a key reference point for negotiations in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
UNSC Resolution 338 (1973)
Adopted during the Yom Kippur War, this resolution called for an immediate ceasefire and negotiations aimed at achieving a just and durable peace in the Middle East. It reiterated the principles of Resolution 242.
UNSC Resolution 687 (1991)
This resolution marked the end of the Gulf War (Operation Desert Storm) and established conditions for the ceasefire. It demanded that Iraq eliminate its weapons of mass destruction and allow UN weapons inspections.
UNSC Resolution 1441 (2002)
In the lead-up to the 2003 Iraq War, this resolution demanded that Iraq cooperate fully with UN weapons inspectors and comply with disarmament obligations. It became a central point of contention in the debate over the war’s legality.
UNSC Resolution 1973 (2011)
This resolution authorized military intervention in Libya to protect civilians during the Libyan Civil War. It established a no-fly zone and called for an immediate ceasefire.
UNSC Resolution 1559 (2004)
This resolution called for the disarmament of all militias and the withdrawal of foreign forces from Lebanon, aiming to promote stability and sovereignty in the country.
UNSC Resolution 1325 (2000)
This landmark resolution addressed the role of women in peace and security efforts, emphasizing the importance of their participation in conflict prevention, resolution, and recovery.
UNSC Resolution 660 (1990)
United Nations Security Council (UNSC) Resolution 660, adopted on August 2, 1990, was a crucial response to Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait. This resolution played a pivotal role in setting the stage for the Gulf War, also known as Operation Desert Storm.
UNSC Resolution 1267 (1999)
This resolution established sanctions against the Taliban regime in Afghanistan and al-Qaeda in the wake of the 1998 United States embassy bombings in East Africa. It also created the “1267 Committee” to oversee sanctions implementation.
UNSC Resolution 687 (1991)
After the end of the Bosnian War, this resolution established the international framework for peace and stability in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It led to the deployment of UN peacekeeping forces and the Dayton Agreement.
UNSC Resolution 2118 (2013)
This resolution addressed the Syrian Civil War by requiring the destruction of Syria’s chemical weapons stockpiles and providing a framework for a political solution to the conflict.
UNSC Resolution 2421 (2018)
This resolution authorized the delivery of humanitarian aid to Syria without the need for government approval, facilitating assistance to conflict-affected populations.
These are just a few examples, and the UN Security Council has passed many more resolutions addressing a wide range of global issues. The impact and effectiveness of these resolutions can vary, and their implementation often depends on the willingness of member states to comply with them.