Category: American Revolution

The American Revolution, which took place between 1775 and 1783, was a conflict between thirteen American colonies and Great Britain. The colonies sought their independence from British rule, which they achieved with the Treaty of Paris in 1783.

Below, World History Edu present some of the internet’s most asked questions about the American Revolution:

  1. Why did the American Revolution happen?
    • Multiple factors led to the Revolution, including political, economic, and ideological disagreements. Key issues included British taxation without colonial representation, restrictions on colonial trade, and the British government’s increasing control over colonial affairs.
  2. What was the Stamp Act?
    • Enacted in 1765 by the British Parliament, the Stamp Act imposed a direct tax on the colonies, requiring printed materials to be produced on stamped paper produced in London, signifying payment of the tax. The act faced vehement opposition in the colonies and was eventually repealed in 1766.
  3. What were the Intolerable Acts?
    • In response to the Boston Tea Party in 1773, the British Parliament passed a series of punitive laws in 1774, which the colonists referred to as the “Intolerable Acts”. These included the closure of Boston Harbor and changes to the Massachusetts charter, reducing colonial self-governance.
  4. Who were the key figures in the Revolution?
    • Many individuals played pivotal roles, including George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, and Paul Revere. On the British side, key figures included King George III, Lord North, and General Cornwallis.
  5. What was the Declaration of Independence?
    • Adopted on July 4, 1776, the Declaration of Independence was a document drafted primarily by Thomas Jefferson. It proclaimed the thirteen American colonies’ decision to become independent states, free from British colonial rule.
  6. What were the major battles of the American Revolution?
    • Significant battles included Lexington and Concord, Bunker Hill, Saratoga, and Yorktown. The Battle of Saratoga in 1777 was a turning point, leading to French involvement on the side of the Americans, while the Siege of Yorktown in 1781 effectively ended major military operations.
  7. How did the war end?
    • The war effectively ended with the British surrender at Yorktown in 1781. The formal end came with the Treaty of Paris in 1783, wherein Great Britain recognized the independence of the United States.
  8. What was the impact of the American Revolution?
    • The Revolution led to the establishment of the United States of America as an independent nation. It also inspired other revolutionary movements globally, including the French Revolution. The principles set forth during the Revolution, emphasizing liberty and republicanism, shaped the nation’s political foundations.
  9. How did Native Americans and enslaved people factor into the Revolution?
  • Native American tribes were divided in their allegiances, with some supporting the British and others the Americans. The war often intensified frontier conflicts. Enslaved people faced complex choices: some were promised freedom by the British for their support, while others believed in the revolutionary ideals and fought for the American cause, hoping it would lead to personal and collective freedom.
  1. What was the Articles of Confederation?
  • Adopted in 1777 and ratified in 1781, the Articles of Confederation served as the first constitution of the United States, prior to the current U.S. Constitution. It created a weak federal government with limited powers, leading to various issues that were later addressed in the U.S. Constitution of 1787.

American Revolution: 15 Major Facts

Date: March 1765 – January 1791 Location: The Thirteen American Colonies (also known as the Thirteen British Colonies) – New England (New Hampshire; Massachusetts; Rhode Island; Connecticut); Middle (New York; New Jersey; Pennsylvania; Delaware); Southern (Maryland; Virginia; North...